New Journal about Early Modern Diplomacy

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Legatio: The Journal for Renaissance and Early Modern Diplomatic Studies is a new international online open source journal to be published annually and hosted by the Polish Academy of Sciences’ Tadeusz Manteuffel Institute of History, Warsaw. Its mission is to provide a forum to advance our understanding of the role of diplomats and the function of diplomacy in the Renaissance and early modern world, taking into account the traditional histories of politics, the arts, economics, law, and society, along with emerging histories of gender, exchange, identity, and communication. As such, this journal seeks to present, disseminate, and promote research of the highest quality that provokes debate and challenges assumptions in an area of historical scholarship too long overlooked.

For decades, Renaissance and early modern diplomatic history has languished as a stagnant field of academic research. Aloof to wider currents and trends in scholarship, the study of diplomatic history was in fast decline. In recent decennia, this trend has dramatically reversed and increasing numbers of scholars have answered recent calls for a new approach to diplomatic history. Various routes of historical enquiry are now being explored. Apart from understanding political, social, economic, commercial and cultural aspects of early modern diplomacy, historians are now adopting new methods and ideas. Today’s scholarship broadens the field of inquiry by amalgamating cultural, semiotic, and anthropological approaches, whilst continuing to undertake fresh archival research and revise established beliefs.

The journal invites contributions from suitably qualified scholars in two categories: articles and critical editions of primary sources. The journal will also publish book and exhibition reviews, conference reports, and notices relevant to the field of study. Any article and critical edition will be subject to a double-blind peer review before publication. Authors will be informed about the acceptance or rejection of the text within two months. The journal will be published online, with an e-ISSN, with the first issue expected to be published in 2017.

Guidelines on the submission requirements and editorial style sheet as well as additional information on the journal can be found at: http://legatio-ihpan.edu.pl/index.php/en/

Contact Email:
legatio@ihpan.edu.pl
URL:

http://legatio-ihpan.edu.pl/index.php/en/

Our Second Conference

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From Giles Scott-Smith:

Borders, Networks, and Organisations through the 20th Century
2nd Conference of the New Diplomatic History Network
Centre for Modern European Studies, University of Copenhagen
24-26 November 2016

In November the NDH network took its conference to Copenhagen for the follow-up to the inaugural gathering of the network at Leiden university in 2013. Once again, the three-day event demonstrated how rich and varied the current state of the field really is. Framed around three top-level keynotes, the conference consisted of 14 panels and a roundtable on social media and diplomacy. Speakers came from universities in nineteen different countries, and, encouragingly, the appeal of the network’s theme was confirmed with the attendance of many younger scholars and PhD students.

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From left, Noe Cornago, Iver Neumann, and Geoff Pigman.

The keynotes set the tone for the three days, and I will concentrate on them for this report. Iver Neumann (LSE) provided the perfect start on Thursday with a perspective on the evolution of diplomacy. Noting that evolution is often seen as a loaded term of overweighted significance, Neumann argued for applying the notion of ‘tipping points’ (a term used in sociology since 1958 but which has the most application in climatology) and the identification of ‘punctuated equilibria’ (Eldridge & Gould, 1972) to designate moments when behaviour changes in fundamental ways. Placing this on to the development of diplomacy reveals key moments such as the development of complex polities, the arrival of permanent representation (not Renaissance Italy but the official contacts between Eastern and Western churches from 292AD onwards), the emergence of diplomatic systems, and institutionalism (forms of multilateral governance). The lecture generated some good debate, notably on the fact that evolution has not progressed linearly at the same speed but has seen many off-shoots and dead-ends (can we also see this in diplomatic practies?), and over the wider influence of technology as a decisive tipping point. Central to Neumann’s overview is the idea of progressive change, since tipping point in a climatological sense indicates a minor alteration that leads to an irreversible change in the system as a whole. Does diplomacy really evolve in those terms?

sam_0420
Geoff Pigman giving the keynote.

On the Friday Geoff Pigman’s keynote, entitled ‘Go Big or Go Home’: The Challenge for Trade Diplomacy in Europe and Worldwide, provided a perfect follow-up to the evolutionary opening of Neumann. Taking the starting point to be trade-as-diplomacy, Pigman traced a series of transformations as trade interactions adapted to and in turn altered the international environment in which it was operating. This took us through the industrial revolution (as the moment when the need for trade, due to the excess of goods, exceeded mere trade for diplomacy) and the first trade liberalization treaties (dating back to the Anglo-French Cobden-Chevalier Treaty of 1860). Institutionalisation followed, with the 1902 Brussels Sugar Convention (that opposed the use of export subsidies) as a key marker, leading to the creation of GATT after WWII and the progressive locking-in of gains from free trade over time, and for an expanding community of participating nations. This ceded to the era of judicialisation, exemplified by the WTO’s dispute settlement system and the application of trade laws above the jurisdiction of the nation-state. Yet this era has been relatively short-lived, since the collapse of the WTO’s Doha Round in 2015 has signaled a new shift towards the arranging of trade deals outside of the major sites of post-WWII multilateralism. The Silk Road project led by China is a perfect example, with trade as diplomacy being focused along a specific vector, in so doing reviving the old trade routes of the past. This adds an interesting counter-point to the evolutionary argument, since it points towards diplomatic change as being circular rather than linear (and this also being highlighted through non-Western initiatives).

On the Saturday Noe Cornago of the University of the Basque Country rounded off the event with an intriguing investigation into the ‘diplomatic incident’. These happen everywhere, and while they can represent different levels of seriousness, they all indicate some form of contravening diplomatic practice and protocol. The only title devoted solely to this issue is Bely’s L’Incident diplomatique (2010), which nevertheless begins with the deflationary comment that ‘An incident is by definition not so important.’ Diplomatic incidents can often be seen as trivial, anecdotal, and semi-humourous, but at the same time they may well represent critical events that could have led to war. Their ultimate meaning therefore remains inconclusive, and while they may seem like fleeting moments, they hold a long history as a distinct category. Political Science has developed various models for describing the sequence of events that take place during a crisis, and this approach has fed into Event History Analysis. But this approach only treats diplomatic incidents as international crises, leaving aside the apparently more minor triviata that nevertheless still can be accorded that title.

It is the role of the historian to create a narrative of what happened in ’the past’, and diplomatic incidents can, after some examination, be identified as having collectively shaped the diplomatic system itself. International law recognises diplomatic incidents as moments of transgression of norms and formal rules that have been accumulated over time, such as concerning rank, protocol, reciprocity, immunity, and so on. Cornago then went on to provide a series of examples for when such transgressions occurred, ranging from Ben Franklin refusing to wear ambassadorial uniform when in Paris, to de Gaulle’s ebullient but misjudged ‘Vive le Quebec Libre’ from 1967. Other incidents indicate more serious cleavages in the intricate patterns of diplomatic norms, such as the repeated discrimination against African diplomats and statesmen in the segregated US South during the 1950s and 1960s, and the storming and occupation of embassy sites by mobs, most notably the US Embassy in Tehran in 1979 and the ensuing holding of hostages. In this way incidents force the diplomatic system to respond ‘in order to ensure its own sustainability. As Bely put it, ‘incidents make transparent the relationship between the diplomat (in closed universe) and the society in which they operate’.

Cornago’s keynote was the perfect closure to the conference, because it was not a closure at all – instead, quite deliberately, it raised essential questions concerning the ways in which diplomatic practice (and diplomatic studies in turn) maintain their ‘shape’ while faced with constant tensions and threats to their established behaviour. This summed up the conference well – diplomatic studies as a field is facing an excess of approaches and perspectives, fuelled by innovative cross-disciplinary studies from the humanities and the social sciences. The New Diplomatic History network represents one of the few sites where these kinds of studies are encouraged to interact and exchange ideas. As a ‘state of the field’ event, Copenhagen therefore gave every reason for optimism. What needs to be considered next – as I mentioned at the opening of the event – is the extent to which the NDH network itself needs to define what it is about. Perhaps the network itself has reached a tipping point and should evolve in new directions. With this important thought in mind, I would like once again to thank my Danish colleagues for making the Copenhagen event possible: Karen Gram-Skjoldager, Dino Knudsen, Haakon Ikonomou, and Marianne Rostgaard.

New Project at Aarhus

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From Haakon Ikonomou:

The Department of History and Classical Studies at Aarhus University has begun a new project called The Invention of International Bureaucracy. This is a summary of the project:

“Over the last 100 years, the international political scene has become increasingly organized. More than 5000 international organisations now regulate global and regional political, economic and technical affairs. As a consequence international bureaucracy, i.e. international executive bodies that function autonomously from nation states and deal with international affairs, has become an important and increasingly contested feature of world politics.

Even so, the history of these non-elected executive bodies is underresearched. This project aims to shine a light on the roots of international bureaucracy and its particular institutional and socio-cultural characteristics by exploring the principles, practices and formative effects of the League of Nations Secretariat. With theoretical inspiration from political sociology and based on extensive multiarchival research, the project will explore the institutional norms and practices of the League Secretariat and investigate its exchanges and connections with national diplomatic and bureaucratic structures, internationalist networks and institutions and subsequent international bureaucracies of the 20th century.”

The project also contains a lively blog, the first three entries of which may be seen here:

Connecting the micro and macro of the League Secretariat by Torsten Kahlert

Between Internationalism and National Socialism – Helmer Rosting in the League of Nations Secretariat by Karen Gram-Skjoldager

L’esprit de Genève 2016 – Or: My First Meeting with the Archives of the United Nations Office of Geneva by Emil Eiby Seidenfaden

CFP: UK International

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from Helen McCarthy:

Call for papers: Citizens of the World? The Place of the International in British Politics since 1918

Early career researchers are invited to submit papers for a symposium reassessing how debates about Britain’s relationship with the world have shaped and been shaped by domestic politics over the past century.

Following the success of the symposium, Rethinking Contemporary British Political History, held in September 2015, the School of History at Queen Mary University of London and the Mile End Institute are hosting a second event which, in a similar spirit, aims to bring early-career researchers together with more established scholars to reflect on current developments and future directions in the field.

The symposium, Citizens of the World? The Place of the International in British Politics since 1918 will take place on 16th and 17th March 2017 at Queen Mary University of London’s Mile End campus.

Whilst the 2015 symposium showcased new research on the recent history of British government and politics broadly defined, this event adopts a more thematic focus on the place of the international in British politics since 1918.

In the wake of the momentous popular vote in June 2016 to leave the European Union, a reassessment of how shifting debates about Britain’s relationship with the world have shaped and been shaped by domestic politics over the past century has never seemed more timely. The symposium seeks to frame and answer a range of questions which place this relationship in historical perspective:

How have understandings of Britain’s international responsibilities, whether through the governance of a global empire or membership of supra-national institutions, changed in the course of the twentieth century?

What role have different political actors, from parties and campaigning NGOs to intellectuals and bureaucrats, played in recasting these understandings?

When have ideas about international government, international cooperation or international community acquired electoral significance or inspired popular mobilisations, both supportive and oppositional?

How have concepts of British national identity evolved in dialogue with concepts of the international? Have the British felt themselves to be citizens of the world as well as of the nation-state and of the empire and commonwealth?

How should we re-evaluate these histories of the international in the light of the Brexit vote, and how should we interpret the Brexit vote in the light of these histories?

This event forms part of a larger series organised by Dr Helen McCarthy on the theme of Rethinking Contemporary British Political History, generously funded by the British Academy under its Rising Star Engagement Award scheme.

Around twenty early-career researchers will be joined by a group of more established scholars for intensive discussion and reflection. Confirmed participants include: Saul Dubow (Cambridge), James Ellison (QMUL), Matthew Hilton (QMUL), Peter Mandler (Cambridge), Susan Pedersen (Columbia), Glenda Sluga (Sydney) and Jessica Reinisch (Birkbeck).

Expressions of interest to present papers are invited from early-career researchers, defined as those within 10 years of award of PhD, although advanced doctoral students are also welcome to apply. Papers should address one or more of the questions set out above, and might cover the following themes:

• Internationalist activism and thought
• Humanitarianism, aid and international development
• Ideas about empire, race and international order
• Debates over nationality, asylum and immigration
• British membership of and policy towards international organisations
• The politics of patriotism, national identity and citizenship
• Ideas about the economy and ‘globalization’
• Debates about security, peace and international terrorism

Papers which adopt novel methodologies or interdisciplinary perspectives, or which view British politics in a transnational or comparative frame, are especially welcome.

To facilitate extended discussion, successful applicants will be asked to pre-circulate their papers (3,500-5,000 words) and summarise key points for no longer than 10-12 minutes during the panel sessions. Commentary will be provided for each panel by one of the more established scholars in attendance. There will be an informal social event on the evening of March 16th to which all participants are warmly invited.

Travel costs will be covered for all UK-based early-career participants traveling from outside London, and on-campus accommodation is available for participants who require it. In the interests of fostering stronger links between scholars in the UK, Europe and beyond, eight travel bursaries each to the value of up to £250 are available for participants based outside the UK.

Please send your CV and paper abstract (300-500 words) to Helen McCarthy at h.mccarthy@qmul.ac.uk by 5pm Monday 28th November, and please indicate whether you wish to be considered for one of the overseas travel bursaries.

Successful candidates will be notified by Monday 12th December. Papers should be submitted for pre-circulation by 24th February 2017.

Medieval and Early Modern Diplomacy Conference, Leiden

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from Steffen Rimner:

Beyond Ambassadors: Missionaries, Consuls and Spies in Premodern Diplomacy
Date 29 September 2016 – 30 September 2016
Location
Johan Huizinga Building
Doelensteeg 16
2311 VL Leiden
Room Conference Room (2.60)

How should diplomatic historians interpret the role of missionaries, consuls, spies and intelligence agents in international affairs in medieval and early modern times?

Due to the overarching shadow of ‘the state’ as the official representative of all things diplomatic, the study of other actors in international relations than state diplomats has been neglected by traditional Diplomatic History. In the Middle Ages and the early modern period, taken together as premodern times, international relations were no monopoly of the state or the sovereign. Many individuals, groups and administrative units and interest groups maintained contacts independently of states and princes and were actors in a wide field of transnational rather than international character. Missionaries of various Roman Catholic orders or of different Christian denominations were working according to their own policies, independently from princes, or in cooperation with them. Consuls representing commercial interest groups supported the interests of merchants and traders. Spies were infiltrating the courts of Europe to secretly gather information. These groups were oriented nationally but not infrequently also transnationally. They acted increasingly as quasi-officials of sovereigns and states to whom they provided services and by whom their mediating position was sanctioned. An expanding multitude of individuals of various alloy was engaged in collecting political information which they offered to sovereigns and others. They often operated on a temporary basis for one prince or client and then for another and were able to provide many types of information for which they drew on a network of international contacts.

This conference focuses on the question of how and why these people not formally tied to the state or a prince could occupy a position in international relations. This question is all the more urgent as the last few decades historical research – in the context of the so-called new diplomatic history – has shown that state diplomacy in premodern times has not been overpowering and all-determining for Europe’s international relations.

Programme Thursday 29th September 2016

Opening session Welcome and Keynote Speech
14.00: Registration and Welcome
14.15: Opening: Maurits Ebben and Louis Sicking
Chair: Louis Sicking
14.30 Keynote speech: Ambassadors and other actors in medieval and early modern diplomacy (John Watkins, University of Minnesota)

Session 1 Missionaries
15.00: Opening first session
Chair: Jeroen Duindam
Speakers:
15:10: Jacques Paviot (Université de Paris-Est Créteil)
Before Ambassadors: Missionnaries to the Mongol sovereigns (XIIIe siècle)
15.40: Felicia Rosu (Leiden University)
A New Promised Land: Jesuit politics in Transylvania, Muscovy, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1579-1619
16:10: Christian Windler (University of Bern)
Members of Religious Orders as Political Intermediaries in Safavid Iran
16.40: discussion and conclusions
17.00: drinks
Programme Friday 30th September 2016

Session 2 Consular Networks and Diplomacy: Commercial and State Agents
10.00: Coffee and tea
10.15: Opening second session
Chair: Peter Hoppenbrouwers
Speakers:
10.25: Louis Sicking (Leiden University)
‘Vitten’ and ‘Voogden': Space and Representation in Late Medieval Scania
10.55: Maurits Ebben (Leiden University)
‘Your High Mightinesses’ Most Humble Servants’ Consuls and Dutch foreign affairs, 1650-1700
11.25: Jörg Ulbert (Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient)
Why were the French consuls of the Ancien Régime not under the responsibility of Foreign Affairs?
11.55: discussion and conclusions

Session 3 Spies and Intelligence Agents
14.00: Opening third session
Chair: Maurits Ebben
Speakers:
14.10: Bastian Walter-Bogedain (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)
Credible men, good friends and chatty women: the importance of espionage during the Burgundian Wars (1468-1477)
14.40: Nadine Akkerman (Leiden University)
Britain she-intelligencers, 1647-1667
15.10: Alain Hugon (Université de Caen)
Where were spies coming from and were they useful?
15.40: discussion and conclusions
16.00: Tea/Coffee
16.30: Concluding remarks (John Watkins, University of Minnesota) and discussion
17.00: Closure and drinks
Speakers

Akkerman, Nadine (Leiden University, NL)
Ebben, Maurits (Leiden University, NL)
Hugon, Alain (Université de Caen, F)
Paviot, Jacques (Université de Paris-Est Créteil, F)
Rosu, Felicia (Leiden University, NL)
Sicking, Louis (Leiden University, NL and VU University Amsterdam, NL)
Ulbert, Jörg (Université de Lorient, F)
Walter-Bogedain, Bastian (Universität Münster, D)
Watkins, John (University of Minnesota, USA)
Windler, Christian (University of Bern, CH)
Chairs

Duindam, Jeroen (Leiden University, NL)
Ebben, Maurits (Leiden University, NL)
Hoppenbrouwers, Peter (Leiden University, NL)
Sicking, Louis (Leiden University, NL and VU University Amsterdam, NL)
Organisation

Dr. M.A. Ebben (Leiden University, NL)
Prof. dr. L.H.J. Sicking (Leiden University, NL and VU University Amsterdam, NL)
Information

Dr. M.A. Ebben (m.a.ebben@hum.leidenuniv.nl)
Registration

Until September 26 2016 via: history@hum.leidenuniv.nl
Attendance

MA (Research) students
Dutch and international colleagues

CFP: Forging the American Century (Nijmegen)

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from Jorrit van den Berk:

Call For Papers

Forging the American Century

World War II and the transformation of U.S. internationalism

Nijmegen, the Netherlands, October 27-28

The intersection of contemporary debates about the future of American power and recent developments in the field of diplomatic history compel us to reconsider the foundations and contours of the American Century.

“Forging the American Century”, seeks to combine the current concern for America’s changing role in the world with new and developing insights into the nature of international relations to revisit the origins of the American Century: World War II and its aftermath. The conference is not about the high diplomacy of the war, nor is it necessarily about the start of the Cold War. Instead, it will address the ways in which the World War and America’s rise to global power drove Americans in different fields, both inside and outside the sphere of formal diplomacy, to forge new connections with the world. We will also address the many ways in which people around the world responded to the new or changing American presence.

By invoking the term “American Century”, we do not intend to link up to Henry Luce’s original arguments. With its confusing mix of jingoism, democratic idealisms, free market enthusiasm, nationalism, and naiveté, Luce’s “American Century” has rarely been taken seriously as a blueprint for American internationalism. However, the concept of an “American Century” has recently made a comeback in discussions about the United States’ relative decline. Can the United States maintain its international economic position in the face of Chinese competition? Have the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq caused irreparable damage to its role as an international leader? Will rising powers, especially the much-discussed BRICS countries, challenge the liberal world order that the United States has built and sustained?

In a recent anthology that he described as a “dissenter’s guide to the American Century”, Andrew Bacevich argues that:

“the conditions that once lent plausibility to visions of an American Century [have] ceased to exist…Contemporary reality no longer accommodate[s] the notion of a single nation arrogating to itself the role of a Good Samaritan, especially a nation with dirty hands…The utility of Luce’s formulation as a description of the contemporary international order or as a guide to future U.S. policy has been exhausted.”

Others have been more optimistic, both about the nature of the American Century and its future. Joseph Nye defines it as “the extraordinary period of American preeminence in military, economic, and soft power resources that have made the United States central to the workings of the global balance of power, and to the provision of global public goods”. While the international environment will become more complicated in the future, he announces simply that “the American century is not over”.

The running debates over the future of American power make this an opportune moment to reconsider the foundations of U.S. internationalism, especially in the light of recent innovations in the field of diplomatic history. Over the past fifteen years, terms such as empire, soft power, and anti-Americanism have become commonplace in discussions of America’s role in the world. Foreign policy, power politics, and the work of statesmen and professional diplomats no longer dominate histories of U.S. foreign relations. Current scholarly interest in soft power, public diplomacy, and Americanization have opened the field to the study of culture. “New” diplomatic historians study the role of individuals, networks, musicians, athletes, transnational movements and a wide variety of other forms of “informal” diplomacy. A focus on American action has made room for the study of interaction: the ways in which peoples throughout the world have resisted, negotiated, or welcomed the American presence.

Disciplines and topics

We welcome scholars from all disciplinary and theoretical backgrounds to present fresh insights into the historical foundations of U.S. power and the international order it helped to create during and (immediately) after the Second World War. The following questions may be helpful in formulating contributions to this conference:

How did the War and its aftermath change the practice of diplomacy? How did diplomats develop new strategies to reach out to the world? How did they coopt private initiatives or vice versa?
How did individuals, companies, civic groups, and other “informal” diplomats shape America’s global presence during and after the war?
How did the United States shape the international environment through its support for new diplomatic, financial, and economic institutions? To what extent did those new institutions shape U.S. actions?
How did America’s new role in the world shape its domestic culture, politics, or society?
How have Europeans, Asians, Africans, and Latin Americans resisted, negotiated, or welcomed the new American presence.
How have processes of historical memory and (re)interpretations of World War II shaped U.S. internationalism in domestic and transnational contexts?

Our key note speakers

We are delighted to welcome these distinguished scholars to our conference:

Professor David Ellwood (Johns Hopkins University, SAIS Europe, Bologna)
Dr. Justin Hart (Texas Tech University);
Professor Bruce Kuklick (University of Pennsylvania)

Paper Proposals

We invite proposals for 20-minute papers. Please send a 300 word abstract and brief biographical note to j.vandenberk@let.ru.nl by July 15, 2016

Date and location

The conference will take place at the Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands, on October 27-28, 2016. This conference is an initiative of the North American Studies Program at the Radboud University. For more information about our program and our staff please visit www.ru.nl/nas.

Please note that a small fee may apply for participants in this conference.

New Diplomatic History: Call for Papers, University of Copenhagen 11/2016

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Call for Papers
DK NDH Call
Borders, Networks, and Organisations through the 20th Century
2nd Conference of the New Diplomatic History Network
Centre for Modern European Studies, University of Copenhagen
24-26 November 2016
Confirmed Keynotes:
Noe Cornago (University of the Basque Country)
Iver Neumann (LSE)
Geoff Pigman

This conference aims to gather together scholars from all relevant disciplines who have diplomacy as their main subject of interest. The New Diplomatic History (NDH) network was founded several years ago to promote the study of diplomacy, diplomats, their institutions, and the cultural, political and social contexts which shape them and in which they function. This ‘rediscovery’ of diplomacy and the diplomat has involved reassessing the role and identities of those involved in the diplomatic realm, and how the distinctions between official state diplomats and non-state actors have become blurred. This involves both a ‘broadening’ and a ‘deepening’ of diplomatic studies: a widening of its field of interest, and a focusing of its attention on the individual, the particular and the ephemeral. NDH therefore welcomes the introduction of approaches from cultural studies and the social sciences, and promotes the use of new methods from oral history, prosopography, memory studies, gender studies, discourse analysis, the sociology of knowledge, musicology, the study of emotions, gastronomy, network theory, and the digital humanities to open up new fields of diplomatic investigation.

Special attention is also given to the ‘digital revolution’ in the storage of and production of knowledge. How do we write diplomatic history in a digital age? Sources are being digitized and new digital research tools being developed, and from the 1990s onwards we are dealing with sources that were born digital. How do we handle the challenges of vast amounts of (new) data, how do we critically engage with new kinds of sources, and what opportunities does ‘big data’ offer?

In order to provide structure to this wide variety of approaches, this conference is organised around three broad themes:

1) Borders of Bureaucracy, Diplomacy and Politics
This theme covers the transformation of diplomatic, bureaucratic and political practices in national, transnational and international settings through the last century. How have responsibilities, competences, and norms developed in the field of diplomacy through professionalization and multilateralisation? How have these processes played out and interlinked at the national, transnational and international levels? How should we understand and interpret the changing behavior, rituals, and semiotics of diplomatic activity?

2) The Rise of Global Civil Society and the Role of Transnational Networks
This theme explores how diplomats and ministries of foreign affairs have disputed, adhered to or incorporated competences and discourses from an increasingly global civil society. Transnational networks, social movements and cross-border alliances have transformed the spaces and settings of international politics, particularly through effective media techniques and the use of digital technologies. Many of them have adopted or assumed ‘diplomatic roles’, either in alliance with foreign ministries or entirely separate from them. Are new forms of diplomacy and new diplomatic actors being established? How have diplomacy and diplomats responded to these changes? Has diplomacy as a practice been radically altered?

3) Europe, International Organisations and Diplomacy
This theme investigates how diplomatic practices, responsibilities and norms have changed with the growth of international organisations, and how in turn diplomats have contributed to establishing, shaping, hindering, and running them. In particular, it is evident that the processes of European integration have generated new arenas for diplomatic interaction, both enhancing the political role of the diplomat but also transmuting diplomatic loyalties over time. European integration has reconstituted the very fabric of diplomacy. But how, when and to what degree? How have other international and regional organisations changed, and been changed by, diplomacy?

Call for Papers
All paper and panel proposals that address the above subject-areas are welcome. Please send 300-word proposals, together with a one-page CV, to the conference email:
NewDH2016@gmail.com
Deadline for proposals: 30 April 2016
Organising Committee:
Karen Gram-Skjoldager (Aarhus University)
Haakon Ikonomou (Aarhus University)
Dino Knudsen (University of Copenhagen)
Marianne Rostgaard (Aalborg University)
Giles Scott-Smith (Leiden University)

Paris Conference: J.-B. Duroselle & P. Renouvin

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“Pierre Renouvin, Jean-Baptiste Duroselle (1917-2017): The Building of an academic field, the History of International Relations”
Paris, June 8-10, 2017
Deadline: 1st June 2016

Co-organizers: L. Badel (Professor, Panthéon Sorbonne University), R. Frank (Professor Emeritus, Panthéon Sorbonne University), A. Marès (Professor, Panthéon Sorbonne University), G.-H. Soutou (Professor Emeritus, Académie des sciences morales et politiques), M. Vaïsse (Professor Emeritus, Institut d’études politiques, Paris)

Supported by the Labex EHNE, the BDIC and the Mission du Centenaire

As is well known, the First World War influenced the lives of Pierre Renouvin and Jean-Baptiste Duroselle. It left its mark on their personal, institutional and academic lives. Aged twenty four, the former was seriously injured at the Chemin des Dames in 1917. The latter was born in that very year and would be “haunted” his whole life long by the memory of the Grande Guerre des Français to which he devoted his last book in 1994. A generation separates them but both their names are brought together on the title page of the book “Introduction à l’histoire des relations Internationales” published in 1964. This book is dedicated to a field, which, as with other humanities and social sciences, was born from the intellectual turmoil that marked the First World War. Neither intended to be a mausoleum in memory of both French historians, nor an hagiographic account of a specific French historical “school,” this conference aims to situate the intellectual and academic career of these two historians within the intellectual debates. It will focus on the birth and the development of an academic area: the History of International Relations. The methodical building of this new academic area will be thoroughly examined, in particular through its interaction with other fields of the human and social sciences.

The careers of P. Renouvin and J.-B. Duroselle cannot be isolated from their social and political environment. Far from being confined to an ivory tower, they took part in the intellectual battles which left their mark on these decades (such as the criticism from Lucien Febvre or Marcel Merle). Deeply rooted within a French and Francophone field, they built transnational academic and political networks, which extended beyond France and Europe. Historians firmly engaged in the debates of their time (the role of Germany in the outbreak of the First World War; the Cold War; European construction), they practised an instant history, at the heart of the institutional struggles in France or worked to resolve them. Thus in order to understand fully their distinctiveness these two historians need to be studied in the context in which they lived, worked and taught. Having principally devoted their research and reflexions to Europe and its peoples, they did not however neglect other continents. Academics, but teachers first of all, they taught whole generations in France and abroad who were indelibly marked by their lectures. As researchers, they opened up research paths that their students have followed and deepened. Members of the intellectual establishment of their time, both men accumulated honours and responsibilities: their political networks will be brought to light.

At the beginning of a twenty-first century marked by the flourishing of global history, this conference will be the place for a free and specific debate on the character, subjects, sources and particular approaches of international history. This conference aims to offer a comparative and transnational approach of their itineraries, combining a thematic and a biographical approach.

We particularly welcome papers from foreign historians and scholars from other academic fields.

Possible paper topics include, but are not limited to:

The wars and their influence upon:
-academic careers
-institutional careers
-public and private writings
-the place of the military and strategic questions in their work

The institutionalization of international relations, a mark of the new influence
of the United States
-Diplomatic history and history of international relations
-reforms, new academic fields and academic chairs
-key role of American foundations (Carnegie, Rockfeller, Ford);
-Swiss and Italian collaboration
-The United States in the writings of P. Renouvin and J.-B. Duroselle

Sources, publishing and teamwork
-Sources
-The Documents diplomatiques français
-Documentation as a source of action (Commission des archives
diplomatiques)

Translation, transmission and reception
-The construction of an academic field: the history of international relations
-The building of a library: la Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporaine
-The publications: la Revue d’histoire de la Guerre
mondiale, L’Année politique, Relations internationales
-The establishment of an academic chair
-Topics of degree courses
-Masters and followers (Tuesday evening workshop of J.-B. Duroselle)
-The birth of the CERI (Fondation nationale des Sciences politiques)
-The institutional consecration : the académiciens des Sciences morales
et politiques

Europe and the world
-The “Asia” of Pierre Renouvin
-“Europe” as seen by P. Renouvin and J.B. Duroselle
-The United States of J.-B. Duroselle

Public action of both French scholars
-Academic and institutional struggles
-Pierre Renouvin during the Second World War
-Jean-Baptiste Duroselle during the Second World War
-Catholic and Christian-Democrat networks of Jean-Baptiste Duroselle
-Renouvin, the Dean and the creation of research centers at the Sorbonne
-The University of Vincennes and Jean-Baptiste Duroselle
-The “Europeist” action of Jean-Baptiste Duroselle and May 1968

These topics are not restrictive and each submission will be considered
carefully.

The conference languages will be English and French. Regardless of language, all proposals will receive due consideration.

The deadline for paper proposals is: 1st June 2016
Please send your proposal (abstract in English or French of no more than 500
words and short CV) to Andrea Martignoni: martignoni.andrea@yahoo.fr

Scientific Advisory Board of the Conference:
Laurence Badel (professor, Panthéon Sorbonne University),
Andrew Barros (professor, Université du Québec à Montréal),
Eric Bussière (director, UMR Sorbonne-IRICE),
Antoine Fleury (professor emeritus, Geneva University),
Robert Frank (professor emeritus, Panthéon Sorbonne University),
John Keiger (professor, Cambridge University),
Peter Jackson (professor, Glasgow University),
Thomas Maissen (director, Deutsches Historisches Institut, Paris),
Antoine Marès (professor, Panthéon Sorbonne University),
Antoine Prost (president, scientific board of the Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporaine, Paris),
Matthias Schulz (professor, Geneva University),
Georges-Henri Soutou (professor emeritus, Académie des sciences morales et politiques, Paris),
Arnold Suppan (professor, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien),
Valérie Tesnière (director, Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporaine, Paris),
Maurice Vaïsse (professor emeritus, Institut d’études politiques, Paris),
Antonio Varsori (professor, Padova University),
Andreas Wirsching (director, Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München)